White-tailed Deer

The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), is yellow listed (not at risk) in British Columbia. In fact, these animals are the most widely distributed and abundant ungulate in the Western Hemisphere.

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - White-tailed Deer

Range

  • Range extends across southern Canada from British Columbia to Nova Scotia, and southward through the entire U.S., Mexico, and Central America into the northern third of South America.
  • In B.C. they are most abundant along valley bottoms in the Kootenay and Okanagan regions.  In northern B.C. they are most abundant in the Peace River Region.
  • Throughout the Columbia Basin. Particularly abundant in valley bottoms adjacent to agricultural land.

Habitat

Deer are remarkably well adapted to living near humans. They occupy many types of habitats in mountains and lowlands, including various forests and woodlands, forest edges, shrublands, grasslands with shrubs, and residential areas.

Reproduction

  • Usually mate in November.
  • Gestation period of 195-210 days, fawns born in late May or early June.
  • Twins are the rule, but single births and triplets are not uncommon.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow
COSEWIC
SARA

Threats to Species

Presently not threatened - population is managed by Ministry of Environment (MOE) hunting regulations.

Select Reports

For more information on this species, visit The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer and enter "white-tailed deer" in the species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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