Mule Deer


Mule deer on winter range

The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is yellow listed (not at risk) in British Columbia.  It gets its name from its large mule-like ears. Instead of running, mule deer move with a bounding leap (stot), with all four feet coming down together.

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - Mule Deer Study Area

Range

  • Native range extends from south-eastern Alaska south through Canada and most of the western United States and Great Plains, to northern Mexico.
  • Found throughout B.C.
  • Live throughout the Columbia Basin with larger populations in the southern half of the Basin.

Habitat

They prefer the dry valleys and plateaus of the southern interior. Their winter range consists of scrublands in the dry forest zone and on steep south and west-facing sites with broken terrain. They stay high in the mountains until December when the snow becomes too deep.

Reproduction

Most does have their first fawns by age two in May or June, and these fawns are usually twins.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow
COSEWIC
SARA

Threats to Species

Presently not threatened - population is managed by Ministry of Environment hunting regulations.

Select Reports

Full Report Listing (most recent on top):

For more information, visit the mountain mule deer Species Summary at: The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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