Mountain Goat


Mountain goat triggers a remote motion camera in the East Kootenay

The mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus) is yellow listed (not at risk) in British Columbia. No other hoofed animal in North America is as well adapted to steep terrain and severe winters. B.C. is the heartland of mountain goats and is home to more than half of the world's population.

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - Mountain Goat

Range

The western U.S.  states, Alaska, British Columbia, and small numbers in Alberta, Yukon, and Mackenzie Territory. Selkirk and Purcell Ranges, Rocky Mt. support large numbers of mountain goat.  There are some in the East Kootenay as well.

Habitat

Alpine and subalpine habitat; steep grassy talus slopes, grassy ledges of cliffs, or alpine meadows. Usually at timberline or above. May seek shelter and food in stands of spruce or hemlock in winter. Young are born on rock ledges or steep cliffs.

Reproduction

The mating season peaks in late November and early December. After a gestation period of six months, nannies retire to secluded, precipitous ledges to give birth to their 3 kg kids in late May or early June. A single birth is the rule, and up to 40 percent of mature nannies may not produce any offspring. Twins are rare.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow
COSEWIC
SARA

Threats to Species

  • Limited predation from wolves, cougars and eagles
  • Falls from avalanches
  • Loss of habitat
  • Severe winters with deep snow covering forage and delaying spring green-up
  • Habitat loss—lack of large stand replacing fires

Select Reports

Full Report Listing (most recent on top):

For more information on this species, visit The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer and enter "mountain goat" in the species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

© 2013 BiodiversityAtlas.org. Read our disclaimer.