Moose are considered one of the most important game species in the province.  There are three subspecies of moose occurring in British Columbia: Alaskan (or Yukon or tundra) moose (A. a. gigas) in the far north-western corner of the province; north-western moose (A. a. andersoni) throughout much of the rest of the province; and Shiras (or Shira's or Shiras' or Yellowstone) moose (A. a. shirasi) in the extreme south-eastern part of the province. Moose, with their long legs, do well in deep snow country (although they have trouble at depths above about 95 cm).


Biodiversity Interactive Map - Moose


Moose in North America have expanded in recent decades into areas considered previously unoccupied, including coastal temperate rainforests of British Columbia.  Moose (Alces alces) are found throughout much of interior British Columbia.   Highest densities occur in the central and northern portions of the province but they generally occur throughout the Columbia Basin.


Moose habitat varies widely across its holarctic range, including northern boreal forests, deciduous dominated and mixed forests, mature coniferous forests, delta floodplains, and stream valley shrubs.


  • Most female moose produce their first calves at 2 to 3 years of age, but poor physical condition may delay this until age 4
  • Pregnancy rates of yearlings (which will give birth at 2 years of age) appear to be inversely related to carrying capacity (K) of the habitat.
  • Pregnancy rates of adult moose are typically >70%, with singles or twins (very rarely triplets) produced. Twinning rates depend upon the nutritional status of cows.
  • Female moose begin reproducing at about 12?13 years.
  • Calves are generally born in late May.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow

Threats to Species

  • No threats to the populations
  • Globally, they are demonstrably widespread, abundant and secure.

Select Reports

Full Report Listing (most recent on top)

For more information on this species, visit The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer and enter "moose" in the species Name field.



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