Moose

Moose are considered one of the most important game species in the province.  There are three subspecies of moose occurring in British Columbia: Alaskan (or Yukon or tundra) moose (A. a. gigas) in the far north-western corner of the province; north-western moose (A. a. andersoni) throughout much of the rest of the province; and Shiras (or Shira's or Shiras' or Yellowstone) moose (A. a. shirasi) in the extreme south-eastern part of the province. Moose, with their long legs, do well in deep snow country (although they have trouble at depths above about 95 cm).

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - Moose

Range

Moose in North America have expanded in recent decades into areas considered previously unoccupied, including coastal temperate rainforests of British Columbia.  Moose (Alces alces) are found throughout much of interior British Columbia.   Highest densities occur in the central and northern portions of the province but they generally occur throughout the Columbia Basin.

Habitat

Moose habitat varies widely across its holarctic range, including northern boreal forests, deciduous dominated and mixed forests, mature coniferous forests, delta floodplains, and stream valley shrubs.

Reproduction

  • Most female moose produce their first calves at 2 to 3 years of age, but poor physical condition may delay this until age 4
  • Pregnancy rates of yearlings (which will give birth at 2 years of age) appear to be inversely related to carrying capacity (K) of the habitat.
  • Pregnancy rates of adult moose are typically >70%, with singles or twins (very rarely triplets) produced. Twinning rates depend upon the nutritional status of cows.
  • Female moose begin reproducing at about 12?13 years.
  • Calves are generally born in late May.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow
COSEWIC
SARA S1

Threats to Species

  • No threats to the populations
  • Globally, they are demonstrably widespread, abundant and secure.

Select Reports

Full Report Listing (most recent on top)

For more information on this species, visit The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer and enter "moose" in the species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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