long-toed salamander


Long-toed salamander meets a biologist

The long-toed salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum) is yellow listed (not at risk) in British Columbia. Named for the long fourth toe on their hind legs, when threatened, this salamander secretes a distasteful poison from granular glands on its back and tail.

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - Long-Toed Salamander

Range

North America: range extends from south-eastern Alaska southward to Tuolumne County, California, east to Rocky Mountains (east to east-central British Columbia, west-central Alberta, western Montana, and central Idaho).

BC:  throughout the province as far north as the Peace River; does not occur on the northern end of Vancouver Island or the Queen Charlotte Islands

Columbia Basin: throughout

Habitat

Small lakes, upland, wetland, riparian, dry land

Found in a wide variety of habitats, from semi-arid sagebrush deserts to sub-alpine meadows, including dry woodlands, humid forests, and rocky shores of mountain lakes.

Reproduction

  • This terrestrial salamander migrates to shallow water in early spring to breed (sometimes before the ice has completely melted)
  • Each female lays up to 60 eggs, deposited in many small clusters attached to underwater vegetation which hatch out in 2-3 weeks
  • Usually larvae metamorphose that same summer except at high elevations where they may overwinter and transform the following summer.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow
COSEWIC NAR 2006
SARA N/A N/A

Threats to Species

  • Predation by introduced species
  • Road mortality, habitat loss and degradation
  • Pollution, disease and increasing levels of UV-B radiation

Select Reports

For more information on this species, visit:  The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer and enter "long-toed salamander" in the species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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