Lewis's woodpecker in the Pend D'Oreille valley
The Lewis's woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) is a red-listed species (endangered) in British Columbia. Unlike other woodpeckers, they aren't very good at making holes in hard wood; accordingly, they nest in burns or where natural cavities or holes have been made by other birds.
Biodiversity Interactive Map - Lewis's Woodpecker
- Breeds in western North America, and winters as far south as the US border
- In B.C., the Lewis's woodpecker breeds in the southern interior including the Thompson, Okanagan Boundary and East and West Kootenay
- In the Columbia Basin, the Lewis's woodpecker is most common in the East Kootenay
- Open upland ponderosa pine forest, open riparian woodland, burned forests
- Grasslands with wildlife trees
- Nests in cavities, commonly uses existing cavities, or may excavate cavity in well-decayed trees
- Incubates 6-7 eggs for 14 days; young remain in nest for 28-34 day until fledging
Listing and Date
Threats to Species
- Loss of riparian habitat, suppression of forest fires, salvage logging of burned areas
- Firewood cutting of wildlife trees
For more information on this species, visit The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer where you should enter "Lewis's woodpecker" in the species Name field.