Lewis's Woodpecker


Lewis's woodpecker in the Pend D'Oreille valley

The Lewis's woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) is a red-listed species (endangered) in British Columbia.  Unlike other woodpeckers, they aren't very good at making holes in hard wood; accordingly, they nest in burns or where natural cavities or holes have been made by other birds.

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - Lewis's Woodpecker

Range

  • Breeds in western North America, and winters as far south as the US border
  • In B.C., the  Lewis's woodpecker breeds in the southern interior including the Thompson, Okanagan Boundary and East and West Kootenay
  • In the Columbia Basin, the Lewis's woodpecker is most common in the East Kootenay

Habitat

  • Open upland ponderosa pine forest, open riparian woodland, burned forests
  • Grasslands with wildlife trees

Reproduction

  • Nests in cavities, commonly uses existing cavities, or may excavate cavity in well-decayed trees
  • Incubates 6-7 eggs for 14 days; young remain in nest for 28-34 day until fledging

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Red
COSEWIC Threatened April 2010
SARA S1

Threats to Species

  • Loss of riparian habitat, suppression of forest fires, salvage logging of burned areas
  • Firewood cutting of wildlife trees

Select Reports

For more information on this species, visit The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer where you should enter "Lewis's woodpecker" in the species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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