Harlequin Duck


Harlequin ducks on the Salmo River

The harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) is yellow listed (not at risk) in British Columbia. These ducks are also known as "sea mice" and "squeakers" because of their mouse-like call.

Map

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Range

In North America the Pacific population breeds from western Alaska, south to Oregon, and the Atlantic population breeds from Greenland, through central and eastern Quebec to northern Newfoundland.

Occurs throughout B.C. from rocky coastal shores east to Rocky Mountain rivers. This species can be found in fast-flowing rivers and streams throughout the Columbia Basin.

Habitat

Winter habitat consists of rocky coastal shores or reefs.  Breeds inland along fast-moving rivers and mountain streams on rocky islands or banks.

Reproduction

  • Nests on the ground and is well concealed by vegetation.
  • Nests close to river shoreline and often on midstream islands.
  •  Female incubates 5-10 eggs for 27-32 days.
  • Young leave the nest 1-2 days after hatching. The hen leads the brood to quieter waters with abundant insects for the young to feed on.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow
COSEWIC
SARA

Threats to Species

  • Disturbance (both motorized and non-motorized back country recreation)

Select Reports

For more information on this species, visit The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer and enter "harlequin duck" in the species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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