Grizzly Bear


The shoulder hump is one of the distinguishing characteristics of a grizzly bear

The grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) in British Columbia is blue-listed (at risk). Half of Canada's grizzly bear population lives in B.C. and one of every four bears remaining in North America lives here in the province.

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - Grizzly Bear

Range

  • In North America, present range includes Alaska, northern and western Canada, north-western U.S. including Montana, Idaho, Washington, and Wyoming.
  • Found throughout B.C. with the exception of Vancouver Island and Queen Charlotte Islands.
  • Throughout the Columbia Basin in suitable habitat.

Habitat

Now found mostly in arctic tundra, alpine tundra, and subalpine mountain forests. Most populations require huge areas of suitable habitat. Typically digs own hibernation den, usually on steep northern slope where snow accumulates.

Reproduction

  • Breeds in late spring and early summer
  • Gestation lasts about 184 days.
  • Litter size is 1-4 (average 2)
  • Young are born in winter; remain with mother usually the first two winters.

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Blue
COSEWIC SC 2002
SARA

Threats to Species

  • Humans (poaching and killing associated with poor garbage management)
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation from forestry, fire suppression and human settlement

Select Reports

For more information on this species, visit: http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/grzz/ and The Species at Risk Public Registry and/or, The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer where you should enter grizzly bear in the Species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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