Elk


An elk in Glade, near Castlegar

The elk (Cervus elaphus) is a large hoofed ungulate able to eat from 16-20 pounds of grasses, willows, alders and mountain maple in a given day. Elk in British Columbia have been yellow listed (not at risk).

Map

Biodiversity Interactive Map - Elk

Range

  • Formerly widespread in Canada and the United States, now mostly restricted to the West, with small reintroduced populations elsewhere. Introduced in Russia and New Zealand.
  • Found mostly in the East Kootenay, west of the Rockies and as far north as Valemont

Habitat

Sub-alpine habitat consisting of meadows and stands of pine and aspen. The elk tend to move into the valley bottoms as the snow begins to cover the sub alpine in the fall.

Reproduction

  • Gestation: 8 months
  • 1 calf born May or early June
  • Twins are rare

Listing and Date

Listing Date
B.C. List Yellow
COSEWIC
SARA

Threats to Species

  • Habitat loss
  • Predation
  • Competition for forage with domestic livestock, deer and mountain sheep
  • Road and rail kills
  • Hunting and poaching

Select Reports

Full Reports

For more information on this species, visit: The BC Species and Ecosystem Explorer and enter "elk" in the species Name field.

 

SPECIES

Amphibians
Columbia Spotted Frog
Long-toed Salamander
Northern Leopard Frog
Western Toad

Birds
Common Nighthawk
Great Blue Heron
Harlequin Duck
Lewis’s Woodpecker
Northern Goshawk
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Vaux’s Swift
Western Screech Owl
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Fish
Bull Trout
White Sturgeon

Flora
Common Camas
Whitebark Pine

Mammals
Badger
Big Brown Bat
Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Elk
Grizzly Bear
Selkirk Least Chipmunk
Moose
Mountain Caribou
Mountain Goat
Mule Deer
California Myotis
Fringed Myotis
Little Brown Myotis
Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis
Northern Myotis
Yuma Myotis
Silver-Haired Myotis
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
White-tailed Deer
Wolverine
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Reptiles
Western Painted Turtle
Western Yellow-bellied Racer
Western Skink

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